Global shipping routes
Coal, iron ore, finished goods to oil, food, cloth and other important things for people: How do the goods needed to power the world get from one place to another?
The shipping industry is central to the global economy, annually transporting goods – oil and gas, food stuffs and commodities, manufactured products for import and export. Over 90% of world trade is carried by the international shipping industry as it did almost 500 years ago: by ship. Without shipping the import and export of goods on the scale necessary for the modern world would not be possible. Thanks to the growing efficiency of shipping as a mode of transport and increased economic liberalization, the prospects for the industry's further growth continue to be strong. There are around 50,000 merchant ships trading internationally, transporting every kind of cargo. The world fleet is registered in over 150 nations, and manned by over a million seafarers of virtually every nationality.
Specialization in the shipbuilding industry has brought massive changes to ocean shipping. Special ships have increasingly been constructed for different types of freight:
Tankers transport “wet” cargoes such as crude oil, chemicals and petroleum products. Tankers can appear similar to bulk carriers, but the deck is flush and covered by oil pipelines and vents.
Bulk carriers are the work horses of the fleet and transport raw “dry bulk” materials such as iron ore, grain and coal. They are identifiable by the hatches raised above deck level which cover the large cargo holds.
Refrigerated vessels (reefers) for fruit from the Southern Hemisphere;
Container ships, which are increasingly taking on the tasks of general cargo ships on long-haul routes;
Ferries for shipping trucks as well as roll-on/roll-off (Ro-Ro) ships, which carry articulated lorries to drive the cargo onto the ship. These two are taking over the tasks of general cargo vessels on short-haul routes.
Passenger vessels historically played an important role since they were the only mode available for long distance transportation. In a contemporary setting, passenger vessels can be divided into two categories: passenger ferries, where people are carried across relatively short bodies of water (such as a river or a strait) in a shuttle-type service, and cruise ships, where passengers are taken on vacation trips of various durations, usually over several days.
Just try to compare the biggest tanker in the World Knock Nevis with a height of famous buildings.
Many people and companies are involved in shipping industry (Ship architects; Ship owners; Superintendents; Seafarers (Captain, Chief Engineers, Officers, ship's crew); The International Shipping Company; The Agent ; The Freight Forwarder; The Export Port; The Ship Line; The Destination Port; The Destination Agent……)
The growing shortage of seafarers has become an issue of global concern. This is especially evident in light of the recent rapid growth of the shipping industry. Many people and companies are involved in shipping industry (Ship architects; Ship owners; Superintendents; Seafarers (Captain, Chief Engineers, Officers, ship's crew ); The International Shipping Company; The Agent ; The Freight Forwarder; The Export Port; The Ship Line; The Destination Port; The Destination Agent……)
It is great opportunities for you to join to the shipping industry: become one of the parts of the biggest industry in the world skilled and experienced Captain or Chief Engineer on the vessels.